Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

I recently came to the end of a counselling programme which focussed the talking therapy Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) to help me manage my depression and anxiety. I wrote about starting this journey in an earlier blog post, The Rough And The Smooth a few months ago.

I was initially referred for this treatment at the end of 2017 and I have been attending regular CBT sessions since April in order to help me manage my emotions and thoughts around my cancer diagnosis. It’s not easy to rewire your brain to think in a completely different way, but it’s helped me a lot, and I’m hoping I’ll be able to continue using the techniques I’ve learnt so that I don’t fall back into a negative thought cycle.

Over the past few sessions I’ve practiced various different techniques used in CBT,  one I’ve found particularly useful so far is Thought Challenging. This technique allows a person to look at a situation from alternative angles. By doing this I’ve started to consider things from a more objective point of view, rather than just assuming that my negative thoughts are the complete facts, so not necessarily about just thinking positively in a negative situation, which is often a particular challenge!

A simple example of this may start with a friend cancelling dinner because they’re busy at work. My irrational brain tells me that I am not important enough and worry they think I am boring or I’m constantly talking about my cancer diagnosis or my own issues, therefore I am not a good enough friend to them and they don’t want to see me. So many thoughts run through my mind about the reasons why they cancelled. Keeping a Thought Challenging diary has allowed me to weigh up the for an against and come up with an alternative thought. Now I can be more rational and recognising we’re all busy people, particularly when work comes into play. In the grand scheme of life its simple to reschedule for another time. It’s key for me to remember I am important and that I am lucky to have a lot of people around me who are always there to listen no matter what, even though some live thousands of miles away!

Through this process I’ve learnt that I tend to think in a very black and white way, (know as All-or-nothing thinking) which has had a significant negative impact on my self-esteem, happiness and relationships over the past few years. I’ve tried to overcome this by keeping a list of my negative thoughts and writing down different ones. I have to remind myself that this thought is extreme and in turn come up with one that is more balanced. Another example would be me calling someone and them not picking up the phone; I’ll start to panic that something really bad has happened to them, even though they’re probably just busy at that time. Similarly, if someone says they need to go to the doctors my mind will automatically worry they might have a serious health problem and I constantly fear awful things will happen to my loved ones

During my life with cancer I’ve been taking everything one step (or one PET CT scan) at a time. I’m often surprised I’ve not had a breakdown over the last eight years. Sometimes I get emotional and feel like I’m in full on mid-life crisis mode (I am now in my 30s after all) so CBT has been a great way to try and combat that! I’ve yet to try and revisit my youth, or buy a sports car,  so perhaps I’ve not had a my own crisis moment just yet! I always feel like cancer means ‘I can’t’ do things and there are so many other things ‘I should’ be doing. Thinking in this was is unrealistic and therefore I put too much pressure on myself.

Staying alive is on the top of my priority list, and despite all the challenges that have come my way I’ve succeeded so far. Although difficult at first, CBT has been a lifeline as it has helped me find was of copying with all the negativity my illness throws at me. I am now waiting for a referral for another type of counselling that I hope will help me move forward further. In my last CBT session I wrote down my future goals for the short, medium and long term and I’ll need to keep looking back at it to make sure I’m following my own advice. My first goal over the next six week is to try and maintain a more positive outlook, my recent promising PET CT scan results have been a huge factor, so here goes…

The Rough And The Smooth

I used to find it so clichè when people described having cancer as being on a rollercoaster, but at the moment, it feels like one of the best ways to easily articulate daily life living with stage 4 melanoma.

In my previous post I mentioned that amazing news that my last PET CT scan results were stable. Despite this, I have felt very up and down over the past three weeks. Sometimes I find living with the side effects of cancer treatment can be harder that having the treatment itself.

Sadly the results don’t mean all my side effects from taking Pembrolizumab disappear over night, it’s probably quite the opposite as somehow I feel more aware of my body than ever before. Living with cancer has so many ups and downs, it’s mentally challenging and know from experience that the good news can change to bad very quickly.

Last week I dreamt I had five brain tumours, not one, but five! Negative thoughts like this will always haunt me, and dark clouds will follow me around wherever I go. I worry so much, particularly about getting a brain tumour. I had one removed when I was initially diagnosed with stage 4 cancer in 2010 so for me this isn’t an irrational thought.

Over the past few weeks I have been attending regular CBT sessions in order to help me manage my anxiety surrounding my diagnosis and the depression that comes with it. It is hard to accept that having been labelled as terminally ill it essentially means I am dying. It might not be today, or tomorrow, or in a month or perhaps even a year, but one day cancer will get the better of me. For all those people who suggest I could get hit by bus tomorrow and die instantly so I shouldn’t worry; trust me it is not that same thing. At the moment I’m taking each day as it comes, taking the rough with the smooth so to speak. When I’m in a negative spiral it can often take a little longer to ride out, even though I try to be a positive as possible.

According to the NHS website, Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave.

It’s most commonly used to treat depression and anxiety, and is based on the idea that negative thoughts and feelings can trap a person in a vicious cycle. The therapy aims to help people deal with problems that feel overwhelming in a more positive way, by breaking them down into smaller parts. Essentially learning how to change negative patterns and become more positive, looking for practical ways to improve a persons state of mind.

Through my experience so far I think CBT has been beneficial, however as I write this I am mid hospital appointment, having just broken down in tears. A hospital is the last place I’d ever want to be, but I don’t have a choice about coming to have treatment. Sometimes it’s all too much, even if the appointments are running to time. It’s not one particular thing that makes me emotional, it’s the whole treatment process. A classic example of a day which had been pretty unstable; I feel like I’ve experienced so many emotions in one afternoon. Hopefully tomorrow will be a better day and the CBT will continue to help me move forward living with cancer.

This July marks two years on current wonder drug Pembrolizumab and 7.5 years of living with stage 4 melanoma. Any tips on helping manage emotions would be much appreciated.